Amusement parks, lakes, neighborsâ€™ pools â€” they are dangers that families of children with autism have long known anecdotally to beware of.
Jessica Lapen discovered this about 10 years ago. She was at a family gathering at her parentsâ€™ home when she noticed that her son, Micah, was missing.
â€œHe was 6 or 7,â€ she recalled. â€œWe knew that he would leave safe areas. We found out that he had gone down the road to a neighborâ€™s house, and when they saw him, he was climbing the ladder to their above-ground pool.â€
An authoritative study earlier this year put some numbers to the fear. Drowning is the most common fatal injury among children with autism, researchers found. Children with autism age 14 and younger are 160 times as likely to die from drowning as the general pediatric population, with drowning risk peaking from age 5 to 7.
Such cases make headlines many times each summer. Now, researchers are working to understand the risks and how to counteract them â€” including helping parents and swim instructors teach water safety to autistic children.
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